Clap Icon
Where Opportunities Find You

Advantages and Disadvantages of Forming Your Business as a Corporation

About Feature Image

Forming your business as a corporation can offer several advantages, but it also comes with its fair share of disadvantages. Understanding the pros and cons of this business structure is essential before making a decision that will impact your company's future. In this article, we will delve into the key aspects of forming your business as a corporation and compare it with other business structures. We will also guide you through the steps involved in forming a corporation.

What is a corporation?

A corporation is a legal entity that is separate from its owners. It is formed by filing articles of incorporation with the appropriate state authority. Once formed, the corporation has its own rights, liabilities, and legal existence. The owners, also known as shareholders, have limited liability, meaning their personal assets are protected in case of any debts or legal issues faced by the corporation.

Corporations can take various forms, such as C corporations, S corporations, and B corporations, each with its own set of rules and regulations. C corporations are the most common type and are subject to corporate income tax on their profits. S corporations, on the other hand, are pass-through entities, meaning that profits and losses are passed through to the shareholders and are taxed at their individual tax rates. B corporations, also known as benefit corporations, are a newer form of corporation that are committed to creating a positive impact on society and the environment, in addition to generating profits.

One of the key advantages of forming a corporation is the ability to raise capital by issuing stocks or bonds. This allows corporations to attract investment from a wide range of sources, including individual investors, institutional investors, and venture capitalists. Additionally, corporations have perpetual existence, meaning that the business can continue to operate even if the original owners or shareholders leave or pass away. This provides stability and continuity to the business, making it an attractive option for long-term ventures and growth opportunities.

Advantages of Forming Your Business as a Corporation:

There are several advantages to forming your business as a corporation:

1. Limited Liability Protection

One of the most significant advantages of forming a corporation is the limited liability protection it provides to its owners. Shareholders are generally not personally liable for the debts or obligations of the corporation. This means that their personal assets, such as homes and cars, are shielded from potential legal claims or creditors if the corporation faces financial difficulties.

2. Tax Benefits

Corporations often enjoy certain tax benefits. While they are subject to corporate income tax, the tax rates for corporations may be lower than individual tax rates. Additionally, corporations can claim various deductions and credits, which can help reduce their overall tax burden. However, it's essential to consult with a tax professional to understand the specific tax implications for your corporation.

3. Access to Capital

When it comes to raising capital, corporations have an advantage over other business structures. They can issue shares of stock to raise funds from investors. This makes it easier for corporations to attract investors and potential shareholders, as ownership can be easily transferred through the buying and selling of shares. Access to capital is crucial for companies looking to expand operations, invest in new technologies, or take advantage of growth opportunities.

4. Perpetual Existence

Corporations have perpetual existence, meaning they can continue to operate regardless of changes in ownership or key personnel. The death or transfer of shares by a shareholder does not usually affect the corporation's ability to conduct business. This stability and continuity can be beneficial for long-term planning and ensuring the longevity of the business.

In addition to these advantages, forming a corporation can also provide other benefits that contribute to the success and growth of your business.

One such benefit is enhanced credibility. When your business is structured as a corporation, it can be seen as more legitimate and trustworthy in the eyes of customers, suppliers, and potential partners. This can lead to increased opportunities for partnerships, collaborations, and securing contracts with larger companies.

Furthermore, forming a corporation can offer greater flexibility in terms of ownership and management. Corporations have the ability to issue different classes of shares, allowing for the creation of different levels of ownership and control. This can be advantageous when attracting investors or when you want to retain control over certain aspects of your business while still allowing others to have a stake in its success.

Another advantage of forming a corporation is the potential for employee benefits and incentives. Corporations have the ability to offer various employee benefits, such as retirement plans, stock options, and health insurance. These benefits can help attract and retain top talent, creating a motivated and dedicated workforce that can contribute to the growth and success of the company.

Lastly, forming a corporation can provide opportunities for international expansion. Corporations have a recognized legal structure that is often easier to navigate when entering foreign markets. This can open doors to global business opportunities and allow for the establishment of subsidiaries or branches in different countries, expanding your customer base and revenue streams.

Overall, forming your business as a corporation offers numerous advantages, including limited liability protection, tax benefits, access to capital, perpetual existence, enhanced credibility, flexibility in ownership and management, employee benefits, and opportunities for international expansion. Consider these benefits carefully when deciding on the most suitable business structure for your venture.

Disadvantages of Forming Your Business as a Corporation:

While there are several advantages, it's essential to be aware of the potential disadvantages of forming your business as a corporation:

Double Taxation

One of the primary disadvantages of a corporation is the potential for double taxation. Corporations are subject to corporate income tax on their profits. If the corporation distributes these profits to shareholders as dividends, the shareholders may then be subject to personal income tax on the dividends received. This can result in a higher overall tax burden compared to other business structures.

Formalities and Regulations

Corporations are subject to more formalities and regulations compared to other business structures. They must comply with certain administrative requirements, such as holding annual shareholder meetings and maintaining proper corporate records. Failure to meet these obligations can lead to legal consequences or the loss of limited liability protection.

Cost of Formation and Maintenance

Forming and maintaining a corporation can be more expensive than other business structures. There are costs associated with filing the necessary paperwork, such as the articles of incorporation, and fees for ongoing compliance with state regulations. Additionally, corporations may need to hire professionals, such as attorneys or accountants, to assist with the various legal and financial aspects of running a corporation.

Less Flexibility in Management

Corporations have a more structured management system compared to other business structures. They must have a board of directors and officers, who are responsible for making key business decisions and ensuring compliance with regulations. This can result in slower decision-making processes and less flexibility in day-to-day operations compared to sole proprietorships or partnerships.

Comparison with Other Business Structures:

Sole Proprietorship

A sole proprietorship is a business owned and operated by a single individual. Unlike a corporation, the sole proprietorship does not provide limited liability protection. The owner is personally responsible for all debts and liabilities of the business. However, a sole proprietorship offers simplicity and flexibility, as there are fewer formalities and regulations to follow.


A partnership involves two or more individuals who share ownership and responsibilities for the business. Like sole proprietorships, partnerships do not provide limited liability protection. Each partner is personally liable for the partnership's debts and obligations. Partnerships offer flexibility and shared decision-making, but it's crucial to have a well-defined partnership agreement in place.

Limited Liability Company (LLC)

A Limited Liability Company (LLC) is a hybrid business structure that combines aspects of both corporations and partnerships. Like corporations, LLCs provide limited liability protection to their owners. They also offer flexibility in management and taxation. LLCs have become a popular choice for many small businesses due to the benefits they offer.

Steps to Forming a Corporation:

If you've decided that forming a corporation is the right choice for your business, here are the essential steps involved:

Choosing a Name

Choose a unique and appropriate name for your corporation. Check with your state's secretary of state office to ensure the name is available and complies with any naming requirements.

Filing Articles of Incorporation

File the articles of incorporation with the appropriate state agency. The articles of incorporation outline the basic details of the corporation, such as its name, business purpose, registered agent, and the number and type of shares authorized for issuance.

Creating Bylaws

Develop corporate bylaws that govern the internal operations of the corporation. Bylaws typically include provisions on shareholder voting rights, board of directors' responsibilities, and how the corporation will be managed.

Issuing Stock

Once the corporation is formed, you can begin issuing shares of stock to shareholders. Stock certificates should be issued to each shareholder, documenting their ownership and the number of shares they hold. It is essential to keep accurate records of stock issuances and transfers to maintain transparency and compliance with state regulations.

In conclusion, forming your business as a corporation offers advantages such as limited liability protection, tax benefits, access to capital, and perpetual existence. However, it also comes with certain disadvantages, including double taxation, formalities and regulations, higher costs, and less flexibility in management. Comparing the corporation structure with other business structures like sole proprietorships, partnerships, and LLCs can help you make an informed decision. If you decide to form a corporation, following the necessary steps, such as choosing a name, filing articles of incorporation, creating bylaws, and issuing stock, will set you on the path to a legally sound and well-structured business entity.

Related Content Section

Explore 8 top-notch HR courses, both free and paid, to elevate your professional expertise.

Uncover the ins and outs of job bidding in this comprehensive guide.

Discover the real impact on your bottom line when you hire an accountant for your business.